Buy the Book

Depositional Features of a Worldwide Flood

Origin of Coal and Oil

As routinely taught in classrooms and presented in evolutionary-based science textbooks (from elementary school through college), coal and oil formed over many millions of years in a swamp ecosystem where plant remains were trapped and preserved from oxidation and biodegradation by water and mud. Such textbooks explain that uncompacted plant matter known as peat collected in enclosed inland bogs and swamps—and, as wetland trees and shrubs lived and died, decaying peat was eventually buried by lime muds and silty sand over vast periods of time. As the land was slowly uplifted (or the seas receded), the overlying mud turned into rock (that is, limestone or shale) while the peat gradually changed into coal (bituminous and anthracite) Softer bituminous coal is regarded as a sedimentary rock and the harder forms, such as anthracite coal, are regarded as metamorphic rock because of exposure to increased temperature and pressure. and oil by heat and pressure.

Keep in mind that no one has ever viewed the supposed gradual change of peat into coal under natural conditions—old-age theorists have merely assumed the process based on the old earth model. Research has shown the creation of coal does not take millions of years of heat and pressure but, as demonstrated in the laboratory, it can develop in just a matter of days with just a few essential ingredients.32, 33


As explained by Dr. Carl Wieland in his book, Stones and Bones, researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have demonstrated that high-grade coal can be derived from the following procedure, “Take lignin (the main component of wood), mix it with some acid-activated clay (catalyst) The catalyst is a clay-like material, a derivative of volcanic ash commonly known as “partings” that is commonly found throughout coal beds. and water, and heat all this at only 150°C with no added pressure in an air-free sealed quartz tube. Geologically, this is not very hot at all; in fact there is nothing exceptional or ‘unnatural’ about any ingredient. The process does not need millions of years, just 4–36 weeks!” 34

Research has also shown that rapid production of petroleum hydrocarbons (oil and gas) is not only feasible under controlled laboratory conditions, but rapid formation of oil and gas has been shown to occur naturally.35


An example of this phenomena is the discovery of hydrothermally produced petroleum in the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of Mexico—that is, the rapid production of naturally occurring “very young” oil and gas (less than a few thousand years old). Such phenomenon has provided geologists with the opportunity to observe petroleum forming under natural conditions.

The vast deposits of coal and oil throughout the world are the result of a worldwide flood that would have buried and sealed massive amounts of carbon in the form of plants that became coal and oil—NOT slow processes over millions of years. Although widespread surface coal and fossils of tropical plants have been found in polar regions (see climatic differences, section Catastrophic Worldwide Flood), such evidence has been largely ignored by secular geologists because it implies a worldwide flood, a post-diluvium Ice Age, and a young earth. Additional information about coal and oil formation is presented in the book, evolution – The Greatest Deception in Modern History.